Resources

Framing appropriate responses to community safety and security challenges requires multidisciplinary research to investigate the design, delivery and wider uptake of solutions to crime and insecurity. It takes rigorous data and empirical evidence conducted ethically to understand how communities and law enforcement agencies engage in the delivery and sustainability of peace. 

Our workstreams are delivering groundbreaking research that inform design and delivery of community safety and security programmes as well as impacting on behavior change and tracking what works in different contexts. Read more…

Annual Report

Violence Monitoring Reports

This report covers year 2 (April 2020 – March 2021) of the REINVENT programme marked by shifting dynamics to Kenya’s peace and security, COVID-19 and a tumultuous impending electoral environment. Notwithstanding the challenges posed by remote working and recalibration of workplans, we successfully retained all partners, whose strong capacity has enabled them to attract other funders, including FCDO’s other programmes. Read here the summarised version. Read more the complete report

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The REINVENT programme maintains an extensive database of security incidents recorded across Kenya, grouped into six categories: crime, public disorder, violent extremism, sexual and gender-based violence, mob retribution and intercommunal violence. Depending on the availability of the data, the tool considers the target of the violence, the use of weapons, casualty figures, the actors involved, law enforcement activity and the motives. Emerging trends in both time and space are identified using graphs and maps alongside analysis.

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Commissioned Studies

This study provides an in-depth understanding of different religious schools of thought proclaimed by preachers and other religious agents in Lamu and Tana River counties over the recent years.

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This report presents the findings of a study into violent extremist (VE) activity in areas of Kenya not historically associated with extremist radicalization and recruitment. While the report does not offer precise figures on the extent of VE in the study locations, it offers details on the nature of communal vulnerabilities, and explores the potential for radicalization and recruitment activities in these communities.

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This study provides an in-depth understanding of different religious schools of thought proclaimed by preachers and other religious agents in the selected counties over recent years. We are convinced that an epistemological inquiry into existing schools of thought among religious leaders and the mapping of major influencers can help in formulating appropriate programming activities at the local and national level to constrict the space in which violent extremist groups operate.

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Learning Papers

Digitisation of Police Arms Registers in four counties:

The Amaya Triangle where Baringo borders Samburu, Laikipia, Isiolo and West Pokot Counties provides a rich pilot site for exploring community safety and security programming in fragile, conflict and violence affected settings (FCVAS). This learning paper highlights lessons emerging from the pilot phase and the implications for how peacebuilders design inter-communal peacebuilding interventions.

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Understanding Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) within Hidden Conflict Contexts:

REINVENT Programme worked with African Women and Child Future Services (AWCFS) to undertake a pilot study to understand how socio-cultural norms and harmful practices, unequal power relations, and patriarchy make women and girls vulnerable to violence such as child marriage, female genital mutilation (FGM), girl-beading, and battering, and how these affect empowerment and enjoyment of human rights. The AWCFS led this work with Community Safety International (CSI), Security Research and Information Centre’s (SRIC) and Baringo Peace Action Consortium (BPAC) as contributors

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Localization of Multi-Agency Approaches for Security Response and Coordination:

The REINVENT Programme worked with the Baringo County Security Intelligence Committee (CSIC) to engage strategic groups i.e. reformed warriors, elders, women and youth leaders, grazing committees and community peace and security committees to promote bottom-up approaches for sustainable peace. Using a tripartite approach, the activities in this pilot intervention should help illuminate entry points for delivering interventions to promote community relations, safety and security among local communities and county security structures.

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Expanding Community Conversations on Peace and Security:

The REINVENT Programme worked with CSI-Kenya to implement a pilot intervention using the Targeted Dialogue Approach to understand the underlying drivers of recurrent cross border violence in Laikipia, Baringo, Isiolo, West Pokot and Samburu counties and how the availability and proliferation of small arms and light weapons among these communities exacerbate conflict.

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Countering Violent Extremism Through Targeted Support to Lamu County Government:

In the coastal region, Lamu remains one of the most affected counties and thus fits within the framework of fragile, conflict and violence affected settings (FCVAS) due to radicalisation, extremism and terror activities posed by the Al Shabaab group. In response to the growing insecurity in the county as well as the problem of radicalisation and recruitment into VE, the REINVENT Programme worked with Kiunga Youth Bunge Initiative to undertake a pilot intervention to support the Lamu County Plan for Countering VE (LCPCVE) developed and launched in March 2017.

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Reinvent Programme Baseline Survey Spreads

The purpose of the baseline study was to collect qualitative and quantitative data to show the current safety and security situation in the RE-INVENT Programme counties. The specific objectives were to establish the baseline for the programme’s performance indicators and to collect information relevant to the RE-INVENT Programme.

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Violence Monitoring Report- May 2020-pages-spreads

REINVENT’s violence monitoring tool is a database of security incidents recorded across Kenya, grouped into seven categories: crime, public disorder, violent extremism, sexual and gender-based violence, mob retribution and ethnically motivated violence. In addition, the tool monitors security force activity. Data is collected from a variety of sources including a private risk management firm,

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Cross Workstream Research

REINVENT Inception Assessment Summary:

This report captures and distils findings from secondary and primary data analysis undertaken between July-August 2019 as part of the inception phase of the REINVENT Programme. The assessment commenced in mid-July 2019 and involved a sample of 700 key informants at national, regional, county and community levels as primary data.

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COVID-19 Impact

Covid-19 Response Findings from Perception Survey-Bulletin 02:

At the time of this survey, a total of 14 out of 18 REINVENT target counties have reported positive cases as at 29th June 2020. REINVENT, therefore, thought it was important to gauge public perception by conducting a community safety and security perception survey to gather insights on gaps, implications and opportunities for action.

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Conflict Analysis on The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic in Marsabit County:

The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Marsabit County on 7th June 2020. Though the rate of infection in the county is currently low, there exists increased levels of mistrust and stigma towards people from perceived hotspot areas such as Nairobi and Mandera counties. REINVENT considers the pandemic control and mitigation efforts as opportune for the mainstreaming of peace and cohesion into all sectors of governance and development in Marsabit County.

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Rapid Conflict Analysis in The Context of Covid-19 Turkana and Pokot Counties:

Turkana borders South Sudan to the north and Ethiopia to the north east while West Pokot borders Baringo County to the east, Elgeyo Marakwet to the south east and Trans Nzoia County to the South. Conflicts between Turkana and West Pokot are mainly experienced along the shared border areas of Lokiriama, Nauyapong, Alale, Turkwel, Kainuk and other surrounding areas also known as the conflict corridor. REINVENT programme compiled this brief after consultations with various stakeholders working on peace and security in Turkana and West Pokot Counties in the wake of the pandemic.

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Covid-19 Response Community Safety-Bulletin 01:

This context analysis highlights the state of community safety and security and emerging dynamics of the response to the COVID-19 pandemic since the declaration of the national curfew on 28th March 2020 to date.

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